Using Time Management to Enhance Classroom Control and Academic Performance


A clock sitting on top of a wooden pole

The time management tool, available as an add-on for QGIS, enables you to utilize a slider to specify different time intervals of your experiments, allowing you to evaluate the experimental setup at different time intervals. For example, you may use the slider to show time since the experiment started. You may also use a time manager to display time since the last experiment run. The slider displays a colored bar that varies in length depending on the time interval selected. Using this feature of the time manager tool, you can easily visualize your experimental setup over time using only a single data set. You can either select multiple time interval options or a single time interval.

A powerful time manager tool is the Pomodoro Technique, which is a special case of the Pomodorohedron. The Pomodoro Technique (or simply the Pomodoro) is the mathematical formula utilized by French chef Louis Pagliata to cook a perfect steak. This method involved grilling meat until its internal temp was achieved, then letting it rest until about one hundred and forty degrees above the ambient temperature. Finally, the steak is removed from the grill and allowed to rest for up to three days. The result is a tender, juicy steak. The task of this technique is to cook the steak evenly at evenly spaced temperature intervals.

Time Manager Tool

A glass of wine

The time manager tool uses the Pomodoro Technique and its graphical representation to provide a visual representation of your experimental setup, using the palette of your chosen GIS software. When you hover your mouse over the plotted point, a pop-up menu with a timer appears. You can click on start, and the time will be shown in the top right corner of the screen. This timer is not the actual timer but only a guideline to help you determine how long you should pause between each important activity. Ideally, you should start the timer when the point is pretty far from being finished since you will end up wasting a lot of time and potentially damaging your food. You can also specify a limit above which the time spent per activity should be calculated.

For a more sophisticated yet still very simple time manager tool, consider looking into the use of the GIS-based Time Management Tool (TM). The TM is a web-based application that allows its users to keep track of the time spent per activity in a GIS-based environment. It comes with a set of different features that allow you to keep track of activities such as browsing, reviewing, and copying documents, editing pictures, and creating spreadsheets. The use of the TM may be a bit inconvenient, however. Students often find it difficult to navigate between different pages within the spreadsheets or to access certain tools. On the other hand, this tool has been found to greatly increase the ability of the student’s level of time management practices among the teacher-trainees at the colleges.

Time Management Tracking

A glass of wine

The TM was created by tracking the performance of two college courses: English literature and history. The study used two experimental approaches for measuring the effects of the teaching method on reading and writing scores. The statistical data showed that the teacher-trainees spent almost twice as long on the written tests as the control group. More interesting, however, were the findings on the reading skills. The statistical data indicated that the writer-trainees actually retained more of the statistical data than the control group did.

The writer-trainees did not fare too well on the reading tests, as they failed to retain the same number of facts or to read the same number of words. This finding is quite surprising because of the positive assessment that the English literature course offered the teacher-trainees. The reason behind this discrepancy is the use of the Time Tracker tool. Based on the figures derived from the Time Tracker, the teacher-trainees seemed to have better time management skills than the control group did. However, these findings could be explained if the test was not properly done.

In line with the results of the Time Tracker study, another set of empirical findings was published by Basri S. et al. The study also indicated that the writer-trainees did not have significantly better academic performance than the control group did. Only six of the thirty-one teachers in the sample had good time management skills, which were also considerably lower than the score that the control group achieved. Even after taking into consideration the significant variations in time management scores, the researchers still could not determine whether the skills are necessary for effective teaching.

Basri S. et al. next conducted a qualitative analysis to understand the relationship between time management and academic achievement more fully. They examined two alternative models for how time management might relate to academic achievement. The first model stipulated that tasks must be completed quickly, while the second model implied that academic achievement is linked to the time spent on the tasks.

Alternative Time Management Practice

After investigating the theoretical models presented by Basri S. et al., the researchers explored four alternative time management practices for use in their study. First, they investigated the relationship between time management practices and academic achievements. They created a scale with four attributes to rate each attribute and the corresponding person’s importance as an instructor or teacher. The resulting scale, called the temporal model, included three factors: the time required to perform the task, the time needed to learn and understand it, and the effect the task has on the instructor or teacher’s mood. Next, the researchers investigated the relationship between the quality of time management practices and academic performances. They created a composite index from the factor inputs for a composite score to rate the effectiveness of time management practices on academic performance.

Summing Up

The researchers found that the practice of setting time for tasks was effective when it was used along with cues about the importance of the lesson and the teacher’s mood. In addition, the teachers who set time for effective time management practices also exhibited better mood when the lesson was completed; they also had improved classroom control. Finally, when it was used with attention control, the students’ time consciousness was positively related to the instructional practices employed. These results suggest that time management practices need to be combined with attention control in order to be more effective.

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